A heart attack is that the heart muscle is not getting enough oxygen due to the sudden blockage of the arteries feeding the heart and consequently the heart tissue is damaged. In arteries that supply blood to the heart, substances such as cholesterol and fat accumulate in the vessel walls and form structures called plaques.
In this process, called arterial stiffness, the arteries contract over time and clots that develop in the cracks formed on the plaques block the vessels. If the intervention is not done in time and the vein is not opened, the damage in question results in loss of the heart tissue. If this loss is common, it affects the pumping power of the heart and heart failure occurs.
Symptoms of Heart Attack
One of the first questions that come to mind are what are the symptoms of a heart attack.
Sudden blockage of the vessels leading to the heart causes a heart attack called myocardial infarction. The main symptom of a heart attack is pain in the chest, pressure, feeling of trouble, shortness of breath and rhythm disorder.
Chest pain is usually severe, long-lasting and compressive.These basic findings may be accompanied by sweating, weakness, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, fainting, and sudden loss of consciousness.
The pain usually lasts more than 20 minutes and can spread to the chin and left arm. Contrary to what is believed, the value of numbness in the left arm alone in predicting heart attack is low.
Nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure and low rhythm can be seen in crises that hold the lower part of the heart. Cold sweating can also occur with chest pain. Dizziness, fainting, paleness, and other symptoms accompanying weakness.
People who have had a heart attack before; When they experience similar complaints in the first crisis, they should go to the doctor immediately.
Understanding Heart Attack Pain
There is one more question, how to understand pain in a heart attack.
Chest pains that develop during a heart attack can spread to the abdomen, chin, back and arms. Most often, a feeling of numbness or heaviness is observed in the left arm.
However, heart attacks that occur only with numb pain in the arm are very rare. Often chest pain or chest pain and shortness of breath accompany numbness in the arm. Spread to the right arm is very rare.
Know about your Risk Factor
In order to take precautions about heart diseases, the person must first know himself. Being able to learn about weight control, blood sugar and cholesterol levels and health criteria also undergo regular physician control. For this reason, it is important that everyone between the ages of 20-79, without discriminating between men and women, should be checked to reveal risk factors every four to six years.
It is necessary to act according to these data obtained in the following years. Since there is a significant increase in heart disease depending on age, it is very important to perform control periods every three years after age 45.
In determining cardiovascular risk factors, examinations showing blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar, kidney function are required. Blood pressure values, which is one of the most important risk factors for heart diseases, should be 140/90 under 60 and under 150/90 under 60 ”. Here are the ways to prevent a heart attack.
Stay Away From Smoking
Using cigarettes or any tobacco product is one of the most important risk factors for heart disease. The chemicals in it damage the heart and heart vessels. And it can cause narrowing of the arteries and ultimately a heart attack.
However, because the carbon monoxide in cigarette smoke uses oxygen in the body, the heart has to work harder to provide enough oxygen. So heartbeat and blood pressure are increasing. Therefore, the most important thing to do is not to smoke and not be exposed to smoke.
The good news is that the risk can be reduced with the cessation of smoking. This risk, which has decreased significantly after a year, becomes equal to non-smokers at the end of the past 15 years without smoking.
Although it is very important to be active in daily life, it is not enough and it is necessary to continue the exercise in an orderly manner. Experts recommend at least 40 minutes of moderate and heavy exercise three times a week in the first six months.
It is recommended that this period increase to 200-300 minutes at the end of a year. So that means exercising for about an hour every day. It is also among the suggestions to do the exercise in the evening. However, it is absolutely necessary to undergo a comprehensive doctor check before starting the exercise.
It is generally known that 1200-1500 calories per day in women and 1500-1800 calories in men are sufficient. There must be a difference of 500- 750 units between the amount of energy received and burned. In this way, even in patients at high risk, the frequency of development of cardiovascular disease and stroke decreases.
Regulate Your Living Conditions
It is known that living and working conditions, which are among the environmental factors in heart diseases, are also effective. Balanced nutrition, adequate and quality sleep and being physically active also take an important place.
Especially quality sleep has a serious importance in the protection of both physical and mental health. It is known that adults who do not get enough sleep between 7-9 hours every night carry a risk of obesity, high blood pressure, heart attack, diabetes and depression.
Since stress is a risk in itself, it is necessary to ensure its control. Some people prefer unhealthy methods such as eating too much or smoking, and this may cause an increased risk of heart disease. Therefore, seeking alternative ways to manage stress is very important to prevent a heart attack.
Don’t Worry about the Events Around you
Natural disasters, and exploding bombs tire the heart. Do not worry instantly does not harm the heart. It is very normal to be upset if a person loses a relative, otherwise it is unthinkable to act. However, people, whose personality structure tends to be sad, can approach the events that develop around them and the things that people experience.
It is very important to be able to get out of this in daily life. Being under the influence of the surrounding events and grief for them is very harmful to the heart. Because the person always finding something to make himself happy and satisfied reduces the risk of having a heart attack. Happiness also slows the progression of existing diseases.
For this, it is necessary to find an occupation, gardening, animal feeding, filling the brain with pleasing details. Sleep for an hour at noon An hour’s sleep at noon or after lunch is extremely relaxing and relieves all the stress on the body. It provides more efficient evaluation of the remaining time after sleeping. The risk of having a heart attack is reduced by half for those who sleep in the midday sleep. Because there is spiritual rest with the body asleep.
Physically, insomnia can be sustained, but it is not possible to endure spiritually. Spiritual tension also causes the release of harmful hormones in the body, which triggers the risk of a heart attack. Do not use birth control pills The use of birth control pills increases the tendency to clot in the heart vessels.
The risk of this clot forming in the lungs and brain outside the vessels is also very high. If the birth control pill does not have a big obligation, it is better not to use it. Especially if the person has heart disease, he should definitely stay away from the pill. Because the risk of clot formation in the vein increases with long use.