Halitosis, also called bad breath, is an embarrassing problem and sometimes a problem for individuals. Although many commercially available products, such as gum, mouthwash and sugar, are produced for people who have this problem, most of these products offer only a temporary solution. If bad breath is not caused by foods or poor oral hygiene, there may be a different medical cause under this problem.
What is Bad Breath
Bad breath is a foul-smelling complaint that is released to the outside with exhalation. While some people are very concerned about this, even if the smell of the mouth is low, some people may not notice their own bad breath. It is difficult for an individual to assess how his breath smells. Therefore, sometimes the presence of bad breath is confirmed by consulting first-degree relatives or close friends.
In case of bad breath, oral and dental hygiene habits should be reviewed first. After the meal, teeth and tongue should be brushed, flossing and lifestyle changes such as drinking plenty of water. If halitosis persists after making such changes, you should consult your dentist. If the dentist suspects that a serious condition other than the teeth causes bad breath, he or she will refer the patient to a specialist to find out the cause.
Bad Breath Causes
Causes bad breath? is an issue that many people wonder. Causes of bad breath can be listed as follows:
- Foods : Fragmentation of food particles accumulated between or around the teeth can increase bacteria and cause bad odor. Consuming certain foods such as onions, garlic and spices can also cause bad breath.
- Tobacco products : Smoking causes unpleasant halitosis. Smokers and other users of tobacco products are more likely to have gum disease, another source of bad breath.
- Inadequate dental care : In individuals who do not regularly brush and floss, food particles stay in the mouth and cause bad breath. In such cases, a colorless and sticky bacterial plaque forms in the teeth. If the plaque is not cleaned, it can irritate the gums and eventually form plaque-filled pockets between the teeth and gums (periodontitis). Tongue can also trap odor-producing bacteria. Prostheses that are not cleaned regularly or properly fitted can contain odor-causing bacteria and food particles.
- Dry mouth : Saliva helps to clean the mouth by removing particles causing bad odors. In dry mouth called xerostomy in medicine, halitosis may increase as saliva production decreases. Dry mouth occurs naturally during sleep, leading to bad halitosis normally observed in humans in the morning. This situation is more noticeable by worsening in the mouth-open sleepers. Chronic dry mouth may be caused by some diseases or problems in the salivary glands.
- Medications : Some medicines contribute to dry mouth and indirectly cause bad breath. Some drugs are metabolized in the body and form some chemicals after being broken down. These chemicals enter the bloodstream and progress to the lungs and cause a bad smell.
- Infections in the mouth : Mouth sores after oral and maxillofacial surgery, such as tooth extraction, can cause a bad smell. In addition, tooth decay and gum disease cause bad smells.
- Nasal and throat diseases : Sinus infections, nasal discharge and throat infections cause bad breath.
- Other medical causes : Stomach problems such as gastroesophageal reflux disease can cause bad breath. In addition, metabolic disorders such as diabetes or cancers cause significant halitosis. In young children, bad breath can be caused by a piece of food or a foreign object hidden in a nostril.
How to Get Rid of Bad Breath ?
The answer to the question nasıl How does bad breath pass? To reduce or prevent bad breath at home you can do the following applications:
- Tooth brushing after meals : You should have a toothbrush with you not only at home but after eating outside or at work. You should brush with a toothpaste containing fluoride at least twice a day, especially after meals. Toothpastes with antibacterial properties have been shown to reduce bad odors.
- Flossing at least once a day : Using the right floss removes food particles and plaques from your teeth and helps control bad breath.
- Brushing the tongue : The tongue holds bacteria like teeth, so brushing it carefully can reduce odors. Smokers or people with dry mouth are more prone to having a tongue coated by bacteria, so it is useful for such people to use a special language scraper. A toothbrush with an internal tongue cleaner can also be used.
- Cleaning toothed teeth or dental appliances : If you wear a bridge or denture, you should clean it at least once a day or as often and as your dentist specifies. Your dentist can recommend the best cleaning products.
- Avoiding dry mouth : You should keep your mouth moist, so you can stay away from tobacco products and consume more water. You should restrict beverages such as coffee, soft drinks or alcohol, which may lead to a drier mouth. You can chew sugar-free gum to stimulate saliva. For chronic dry mouth, your dentist or doctor may give you an artificial preparation or oral medication that stimulates the flow of saliva.
- Regulating diet : Avoiding food such as onions and garlic, which may cause bad breath, reduces bad breath. Likewise, eating sugary foods has also been associated with bad breath.
- Getting a new toothbrush on a regular basis : Remember to replace your toothbrush every three to four months.
- Have your teeth checked regularly : You can have your dentist examined and cleaned your teeth or dentures at regular intervals (usually twice a year).