Anxiety is a signal that tells the body that it must be ready to challenge. When natural and necessary anxiety begins to be felt, it accelerates breathing and heartbeat, giving more oxygen to the muscles. Thus, the body is prepared for dangerous situations. When it is necessary to be aware of dangerous situations, one is on alert with this impulse. This impulse, which is called natural anxiety, helps in situations such as sudden intervention in the steering wheel and performing better in the exam in any dangerous situation in traffic. In fact, anxiety is necessary to deal with problems in daily life and to make quick decisions when vital situations are encountered. Anxiety disorder is a manifestation of anxiety when there is no danger, persists for a long time and feels very strong. If this is the case, treatment is required.


Severe anxiety disorder can disturb people. It may make it difficult to perform its functions in daily life. The relationship of the person with anxiety disorder to other people in his social life is also negatively affected. People with anxiety are often aware that they feel intense anxiety. But they cannot control themselves and calm themselves. When the condition reaches this level, people need to be treated for a healthy life. The symptoms of anxiety are: to think that you’re insecure and worthless, to believe that it is difficult to talk to others, to avoid talking and eating in public, feeling tense, anxious, distressed and unidentifiable, to leave the environment, to want to escape, muscle pain, breathe fast, start shaking, shaking, feeling hopeless, always want to cry, not being able to concentrate, quickly get tired, insomnia, difficult to remember, concentrate on sad situations.

What are the Risk Factors for Anxiety Disorders?

The factors listed indicate that people are likely to have anxiety problems.

  • Hypersensitivity to separation events,
  • susceptibility to anger and dependence,
  • physical or sexual abuse in childhood,
  • stressful living spaces,
  • problematic attachment patterns,
  • susceptibility to dispersion anxiety.

Types of Anxiety Disorders

Obsessive disorder

Repetitive obsessive behaviors. People are constantly in fear because of involuntary and developing thoughts. In order to suppress these thoughts, people constantly wash their hands, check that the door is unlocked and the furnace is closed. Although this condition is considered as “obsession” in society, it is actually one of the psychological diseases. If people do not perform these rituals called obsession, anxiety may worsen further. Because of these time-consuming obsessions, people cannot do what they need to do and become more tired.

Panic attack

Although it is not a vital condition, it is a discomfort that makes a person feel strong anxiety and fear. Because the symptoms of panic attacks are very severe, people with panic attacks may feel paralyzed or have a heart attack. When a panic attack occurs, heart rate accelerated. Although the symptoms of anxiety and panic attacks are similar, they are different problems. There is constant anxiety in anxiety and it is constantly felt in the subconscious. In a panic attack, a person feels attacked and in danger, thinks he will faint, his heart beats quickly and his breath stops. Attacks can last for several minutes or several hours.

Post-traumatic stress

Fears and physical reactions felt after a traumatic event. People are reliving these terrible events by bringing them back to their eyes. Physical pain and insomnia may be caused by post-traumatic stress.

Generalized anxiety disorder

It is that one feels anxious and worried about everything. Worrying about uncontrollable situations such as theft of thieves, earthquakes, illness of loved ones, and inability to pay debts can make the person restless and unable to sleep at night.


It is a person’s fear that he/she will not be able to get help quickly if he/she experiences anxiety. People with this condition do not want to be in places far away from the doctor such as movie theaters, nature activities and public transportation.

Social phobia

It is the fear of humiliation or fear of being stupid in crowded environments. People with this discomfort are hesitant to speak loudly in the crowd, eat and participate in invitations.

Anxiety Treatment

Psychological therapy and anxiety disorder treatment are carried out with medication. The first thing to do for this is to consult a psychiatrist. Before start treatment, a comprehensive evaluation process is underway. Various tests and investigations should be performed to see if anxiety symptoms are caused by physical illnesses.


Various depression medications (antidepressants) are used for the treatment of anxiety, relieving anxiety symptoms. These drugs vary from person to person.

Psychological therapy

With cognitive behavioral therapy and speech therapy, it is possible to learn to replace negative thoughts with positive thoughts. Cognitive behavioral therapy allows people to go to the root of the thoughts that cause anxiety and to adopt different behavior habits to solve the problem. One or both of these methods may be used for the treatment of anxiety. The doctor and the counselor decide together to understand which treatment is appropriate for the individual. The same anxiety treatment may not be appropriate for everyone.


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