Body mass index (BMI) is an estimate of body fat by height and weight. It does not directly measure body fat, but uses an equation to obtain an approximate value. BMI can help determine whether a person is an unhealthy or healthy weight. A high BMI indicates that you have too much fat in your body, while a low BMI indicates that you have very little fat in your body. Although a high BMI can be a indicator of high body fatness it does give us information about body composition. Having a high BMI level may cause the development of chronic diseases. Also, very low BMI levels can cause some health problems.
Body Mass Index Formula
BMI in an individual is calculated by the use of a formula. BMI is calculated by dividing a individual’s weight by the square of their height. To calculate the BMI, enter the height in feet and weight in pounds. BMI is calculated the same form for people of all ages. However, BMI is interpreted differently for adults and children.
Body Mass Index for Adults
A normal BMI score should be one that falls between 18.5 and 24.9 for adults age 20 and older. This indicates that a person is within the normal weight range for his or her height. A BMI chart is used to categorize a person as underweight, normal, overweight, or obese.
Body Mass Index for Children
BMI is interpreted differently for people under the age of 20. While the same formula is used to designate BMI for all age groups, the effects for children and adolescents may vary depending on age and gender. The amount of body fat changes with age. It’s also different in boys and girls. Girls usually get more body fat and improve it earlier than boys. Each percentile state a child’s BMI relative to other children of the same age.
Body Mass Index and Health
People gain weight due to energy imbalance. The body needs a certain amount of energy from the food to work. This energy is obtained in the form of calories. When you take the same amount of calories that your body uses or “burns” every day, your weight usually stays the same. If you get more calories than you burn, you will gain weight in time. Energy imbalance is definitely one of the biggest effect to weight gain. However, your ideal weight is designate primarily by genetics, as well as the types of foods you eat and how much exercise you do. If you have a high BMI, it is important to lower it so that you have a healthy weight. A high BMI is associated with a higher risk of developing serious health conditions, such as: heart disease, high blood pressure, liver disease, osteoarthritis, diabetes, stroke, gallstones, certain cancers, including breast, colon, and kidney cancers. However, a new study shows that body fat, not BMI, is more associated with the health risks mentioned above. You can reduce your body fat and have a healthier weight by exercising at least three times a week. You should also make some dietary habits, such as eating only when you are hungry, eating carefully, and choosing a diet that is completely rich in raw foods. Also a dietitian can give you important information about which foods to eat and how much food you need to give to lose weight. Also very low levels of BMI can cause some health problems. These health problems can be: bone loss, decreased immune function, heart problems, iron deficiency anemia. If your BMI is low, you can discuss your weight with your doctor. If necessary, increasing the amount of food you eat every day or reducing the amount of exercise will help you gain weight. A dietitian can also help you to have information about gain weight in a healthy way.
If you want you can download the body mass index application we have prepared for you through the play store. So you can easily find out if you are at ideal weight. You can click to view the application in play store.